The American Pit Bull Terrier is a medium-sized, strongly built, short haired dog. It is a member of the molosser breed group. Their ancestors originated from England and Ireland. They are crosses between bulldogs and terriers.
The American Pit Bull Terrier weighs between 30 to 78 lb (14 to 35 kg). Their height is usually between 17 to 22 in (43 to 56 cm). The dog breed has a medium-length head with broad, flat skull, powerful jaws and a wide, deep muzzle.
It has small to medium size ears that are natural or cropped. The tail is relatively short. Pit Bull type of dogs are not hypoallergenic since they usually shed their coat twice per year.
The breed varies in colors and color patterns. Their coat is glossy and smooth, close, and moderately stiff to the touch. Curly, wavy, long or sparse coat is considered as a fault and disqualification.
American Pit Bull Terrier
They are very strong and athletic dogs. This breed is very intelligent, confident and eager to please their master. They are excellent family companions despite all the bad reputation.
However, being a catch, hold, and wrestle dog, they require special and extra attention during socialization and obedience training to eliminate and/or control any aggressive behavior.
They are generally friendly, even around strangers. This makes them unlikely candidates for guard work.
The dog breed has a life expectancy that is one of the longest among any dog breeds (12-14 years). They are, however, more prone to hip dysplasia than other dogs.
Other health problems that may affect the American Pit Bull Terrier include:
- Patella problems
- Thyroid dysfunction
- Congenital heart defects
- Demodectic Mange (the dog’s immune system is unable to keep the mites under control) due to their short coat.
This breed is being banned in more and more countries or being heavily restricted by some form of breed-specific legislation. Sometimes there are certain conditions on ownership. They are completely banned in the UK.