Hypoallergenic dogs (non-shedding dogs) are breeds of dogs that don’t cause a lot of allergies to people. They are dogs that don’t shed a lot of hair. Some of the breeds on this list of hypoallergenic dogs are almost totally hairless!
However, no dog is 100% hypoallergenic. The allergies caused by dogs are actually caused by Can f 1 protein that is secreted in saliva, dead skin (dander) and urine of dogs. Apart from causing allergies, dogs that shed can be high maintenance. They leave their hair on clothes, floor, furniture, in the car and basically on everything they come into contact with.
It is important to note that shedding in dogs is a natural process. This is a lifelong process through which dogs get a new and healthy coat of hair (and skin). Shedding also helps dogs regulate their body temperature. Dogs generally shed more during warm seasons.
Indoor dogs, however, tend to have a constant rate of shedding throughout the year. This is because they don’t experience large temperature changes, unlike dogs that live mostly outdoors. Besides, there are other factors that determine the amount of shedding. These include age, the dog breed, health status and diet.
Dogs that don’t shed – Complete list of Hypoallergenic dogs breeds
The following is the complete list of hypoallergenic dogs that don’t shed much (some are hairless). They include small hypoallergenic dogs as well as medium sized and large dog breeds.
The Jack Russell Terrier is not a hypoallergenic dog breed. However, there are other terriers that are non-shedding dogs and hence good for allergy sufferers. These include Airedale Terrier, Australian Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier and Scottish Terrier, among others.
Small dogs that don’t shed – Small Hypoallergenic dogs
1. Shih-Tzu are Non-shedding Dogs
This small hypoallergenic dog has its origins on the Tibetan Plateau in China. The name Shih Tzu, and the heavy shedding Pekingese dog’s name, are derived from the Chinese name for lion. The toy dog breed loves to be pampered.
The Shih Tzu was bred to be a lapdog for China’s Empress. It was meant to resemble the lion that is depicted on traditional Chinese art. They have long and silky hair that needs to be brushed every day. Consequently, these hypoallergenic dogs that don’t shed need a lot of grooming.
Shih Tzu dogs are sweet-natured and friendly with strangers. The dog is alert, faithful and affectionate. As a lapdog, he needs little exercise.
2. Dandie Dinmont Terrier
The Dandie Dinmont Terriers are odd-looking. The non-shedding dogs aren’t good pets for small kids. In addition, they don’t do well with other small pets such as hamsters.
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier was bred to hunt and kill vermin!
He is small in size. But these dogs have long bodies and short legs. The most distinctive feature of these hypoallergenic dogs is a knot of hair at the top of their heads.
3. Bichon Frise
The Bichon Frise is a small indoors dog. He was bred to be a household pet. The hypoallergenic dog breed doesn’t shed and is good with kids. He has a medium length coat that has a characteristic curly and silky texture. This breed is intelligent and eager to please. Moreover, Bichon Frise dogs live up to 20 years.
4. Maltese – Small dogs that don’t shed
The Maltese is one of the small hypoallergenic dogs that don’t shed. This is a faithful dog who loves to spend time with his human family. The Maltese originated on the Mediterranean Basin on the island country called Malta.
Give the Maltese lots of cuddles! He doesn’t like being alone. The dog is fearless yet gentle, intelligent yet easy going. He has a lovely white coat that reaches to the floor.
5. Toy Poodle
The Toy Poodle is the smallest of the three Poodle breeds: Toy, Miniature and Standard Poodle. These non-shedding dogs are very intelligent and are highly trainable. But they are noisy. Toy Poodles need to be trained to not bark a lot!
These hypoallergenic dogs are energetic and have a unique coat of dense hair. Toy Poodles live up to 18 years.
Obesity is a common problem in small dog breeds. Consequently, maintain a healthy diet and regular exercises to keep your Poodle’s weight in check.
More Facts about Toy Poodles:
Lifespan: 12-15 years
6. Havanese are Non-shedding Dogs
This dog that doesn’t shed is the national dog of Cuba (Havana is the capital city of Cuba). The dog’s double coat is very soft, long and silky. He is intelligent, playful, loving and gentle. The Havanese dog breed lives up to 15 years.
7. Sealyham Terrier
This small to medium-sized Welsh Terrier is fearless, alert, calm and friendly. The hypoallergenic dog breed lives up to 14 years.
Sealyham Terriers were originally bred to hunt foxes, badgers and otters that are several times his size, hence his extraordinary courage. However, the modern Sealyham Terriers are companion dogs.
Main Features of the Sealyham Terrier:
Lifespan: 12 – 14 years
Coat: double coat
Coat colors: Mostly white with black, blue, brown, lemon-white markings on the face.
Known for: These non-shedding dogs are happy, stubborn, loyal and affectionate.
8. Yorkshire Terrier – Small dogs that don’t shed
The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the small hypoallergenic dogs that don’t shed. Like his name suggests, this dog breed was developed in Yorkshire in England in the 19th century. The Yorkshire Terrier lives up to 16 years. He is courageous, intelligent and independent.
This is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. In addition, the Terriers have some of the top dog names.
9. Lhasa Apso
The Lhasa Apso was bred in Tibet by monks. They desired a small dog that would serve as a guard dog to alert them of intruders. Lhasa Apso dogs have long and dense coats. They are fearless, lively, obedient and alert. They can be playful when need be.
Despite his small size, the Lhasa Apso is one of the toughest and strongest-willed small sized dogs in the world. Recent studies have found that the Lhasa Apso is closely related to the wolf ancestors of dogs (together with the Pekingese, Shar-Pei, and Shih Tzu dog breeds).
10. Miniature Schnauzer are Non-shedding Dogs
This small hypoallergenic dog breed is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. The Miniature Schnauzer is intelligent, obedient, fearless and very friendly. In addition, this lovable dog comes in various colors: silver, black, white and salt & pepper. They usually live up to 15 years.
11. West Highland White Terrier
This hypoallergenic dog breed is also known as the Westie. He is from Scotland. The West Highland White Terrier has a soft white undercoat and a harsh white top coat. This is one of the medium sized dogs that don’t shed.
The non-shedding dogs have a life expectancy of up to 16 years. This dog is lively and cheerful. In addition, the West Highland White Terrier is independent, friendly and physically active. The dog breed is courageous and alert.
12. Bolognese dog
The Bolognese dog breed is from Italy. This is one of the small non-shedding dogs. The Bolognese has a white coat of hair. The dog can be quite serious and reserved. He is also a docile and loyal dog who lives up to 14 years.
This dog loves to be cuddled. He is loving, affectionate and gets along well with other pets, including cats. However, you should brush your Bolognese dog’s coat daily (at least thrice per week). In addition, regularly bathe your Bolognese dog in a whitening shampoo to brighten his coat.
13. Chinese Crested Dog
This hypoallergenic dog breed is hairless. A litter of the will typically have both hairless and haired puppies. The haired Chinese Crested Dog has soft and silky hair. In contrast, the hairless breed has a soft smooth skin but has hair on the ears, face, neck and the top of the head. The alert and playful dog breed lives up to 15 years. He is affectionate. The Chinese crested dog loves to play and is willing to please.
14. Coton de Tulear
Tulear (Toliara) is a city in Madagascar. Consequently, these small non-shedding dogs are understood to have originated there.
This is a good family dog. He loves playing with kids. The Coton de Tulear are costly: a breedable Coton de Tulear can cost up to $4,000.
His coat is medium or long. The dog breed produces little dander. The Coton de Tulear dog is a companion dog who loves human company.
Medium sized hypoallergenic dog breeds
This is a medium sized dog breed. The Bernedoodle is a mix between the shedding Bernese Mountain Dog and the hypoallergenic poodle. It is a loyal, affectionate and trainable dog.
Some Bernedoodle puppies will be non-shedding while others in the same litter will shed.
16. Bedlington Terrier
This light-shedding, medium sized hypoallergenic dog is from England. He produces little dander. He is an affectionate and intelligent dog whose life expectancy is between 12 and 14 years. This dog has a distinctive coat of hair that is hardly shed. The Bedlington Terrier rarely drools – great news for allergy sufferers since dog saliva contains the protein that causes the allergic reaction.
17. Labradoodle – Medium sized dogs that don’t Shed
The Labradoodle is a crossbreed between the Poodle (hypoallergenic) and one of the dogs that shed the most, the Labrador Retriever. This dog was originally bred to produce a hypoallergenic guide dog for blind people (Seeing Eye dog). It is a popular non shedding dog.
But some Labradoodles are not hypoallergenic since later breeding of crossbreeds doesn’t guarantee that required qualities are passed down to the puppies. This hypoallergenic dog breed comes in three sizes: miniature, standard and medium.
18. Portuguese Water Dog – Big dogs that don’t shed
This big dog breed (an adult male weighs up to 60 pounds!) sheds very little hair. It is a good family dog. However, this hypoallergenic dog requires regular physical activity since he is a working dog who is always active and very intelligent.
19. Bergamasco shepherd
This big dog breed is hypoallergenic. An adult male Bergamasco shepherd weighs up to 38kg. This herding dog is vigilant, patient, intelligent and eager to please. He is very observant and originated in the Italian Alps.
20. Afghan Hound
This big hypoallergenic dog has its origins in the regions around Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. The Afghan Hound is somehow aloof and independent but happy. An adult male weighs up to 35kg. However, his thick and silky coat doesn’t require trimming. This unusually-looking dog prefers to live indoors.
This is one of the medium sized non-shedding dogs. Basenji has its origins in Congo, Africa. The Basenji are also known as the African barkless dog. This is because it doesn’t bark. It is an effective, noiseless hunting dog that doesn’t alert prey of its presence.
Main Features of the Basenji
Male: 9 – 11kg
Female: 8 – 10kg
Lifespan: 12 – 16 years
Colors: Black, Black & white, Red, Tan, Brindle and Tri-color
Known for: Doesn’t bark, energetic, keen eyesight, excellent sense of smell, does not like getting into water
The Affenpinscher (“Affe” is German for “Monkey”) is a toy Pinscher dog breed created to catch rats and small vermin. Its litter will usually have 2-3 puppies. It weighs less than 6 kg and loves to play.
The small dog is active and loves to explore. An Affenpinscher has an average lifespan of between 12 and 14 years. They come in a variety of colors, including black, red, grey, tan and beige. The non-shedding dog breed has a shaggy dense coat.
Main Features of an Affenpinscher
Weight range: 2 – 6kg
Lifespan: 12 – 14 years
Colors: Black, Red, Beige, Gray, Tan
Known for: Quiet but loyal and very alert. Loves to play. Can be stubborn sometimes.
A Chi-Poo is a mix between the shedding Chihuahua and the hypoallergenic Poodle. The companion dog is low maintenance. Chi-Poo are good with young children. The dog is small but energetic.
Main Features of Chi-Poo
Weight: 2 – 9kg
Lifespan: 12 – 15 years
Colors: Brindle, cream, white, brown, black, grey, silver, fawn and blue
Known for: Loves attention. Playful but like the Chihuahua is wary of strangers.
These non-shedding dogs are a cross between the hypoallergenic Poodle and the shedding Golden Retriever. It all depends on which side of the parents a Goldendoodle puppy inherits most of its genes from.
As a result, a typical Goldendoodle litter will have both shedding and non-shedding puppies. You can predict which puppies are hypoallergenic by looking at their coats!
Male: 7 – 45kg
Female: 6 – 44kg
Lifespan: 10 – 15 years
Coat colors: White, gold, black, red, apricot, gray
Known for: One of the most intelligent dog breeds, affectionate, social, loves kids and other pets, rarely barks.
25. Xoloitzcuintli (Xolo)
This non-shedding dog is also known as the Mexican Hairless dog. It has its origins in Mexico. Some Xolo are hairless, just as their name suggests.
The hairlessness is caused by a dominant hair losing gene.
Hairless Xolo dogs are covered with a smooth but tough skin. Xolo dogs are in three distinct sizes: Toy, miniature and standard. Unlike other dog breeds, this dog has no premolars. This is one of the oldest dog breeds.
Adult Weight: up to 20 kg
Lifespan: 12 – 18 years
Coat colors: dark colors: black, grey-black, bronze, red and slate
Known for: Alert, strong, thoughtful sometimes, fast, intelligent, bold and makes a great guard dog. The Mexican Hairless loves its owners but is suspicious of strangers.
Other hypoallergenic dogs that don’t shed include:
- Airedale Terrier
- American Hairless Terrier
- Australian Terrier
- Border Terrier
- Bouvier des Flandres
- Brussels Griffon
- Cairn Terrier
- Cesky Terrier
- Chacy Ranior
- Chinese Crested (hairless)
- Chinese Crested (powder puff)
- Giant Schnauzer
- Hairless Khala
- Irish Terrier
- Irish Water Spaniel
- Italian Greyhound
- Kerry Blue Terrier
- Lagotto Romagnolo
- Lakeland Terrier
- Lowchen (Little Lion Dog)
- Miniature Poodle
- Norfolk Terrier
- Norwich Terrier
- Peruvian Inca Orchid
- Polish Owczarek Nizinny
- Scottish Terrier (Scottie)
- Sealyham Terrier
- Silky Terrier
- Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
- Spanish Water Dog
- Standard Schnauzer
- Tibetan Terrier
- Welsh Terrier
- Wirehaired Fox Terrier
- Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Non-shedding Dogs and Dog Allergies: Can f 1 and Can f 2
Male dogs produce more dog allergens than female dogs. In addition, 70% of people who are allergic to dogs are actually irritated by the Canis familiaris allergen I (Can f 1) protein. Canis lupus familiaris is the scientific name for domestic dogs. They are descendants of the gray wolf, Canis lupus.
Can f 1 and Canis familiaris allergen II (Can f 2) are the major allergy-causing protein that are mostly found in a dog’s saliva.
The Can f 1 is the main allergy causing protein in dogs: Can f 1 causes over 50% of all allergic reactions to dogs while Can f 2 accounts for 25%.
They are mainly produced in the epithelial tissues of the tongue and deposited onto the dog’s hair when they lick themselves. Later, the dried saliva is released into the air – and inhaled by an allergic person.
Dog allergens are also produced in the sebaceous glands (in the skin). The allergens are found in dander, and in very low concentration in urine, serum and faeces. There’s no dog that doesn’t produce these protein. However, some dogs have less of them. These are the hypoallergenic dogs.
How to reduce dog Allergies
The saliva and dander are mostly responsible for the allergic reaction some people have towards allergenic dogs. However, there are a few things one can do to reduce the chances of getting dog allergies, and to reduce their severity.
- Dust and vacuum your home daily
- Do not let dogs enter your bedroom. This is because they will leave dander on mattresses, carpets and wooden surfaces. For this reason, consider getting your dog her own bed.
- Use air purifiers/ filters in your home. These catch up to 99% of allergens.
- Regularly groom your dogs. Regular brushing helps to reduce amount of shedding by enabling the dog to maintain a healthy coat
- Regularly bathe your dog using dog shampoo. Your canine friend will be clean and smell great!
- Always wash your hands after being in contact with pets.
- Regularly wash your pet’s bedding and scrub his favorite resting places
- Give your dog a balanced diet. Poor nutrition causes dogs to shed more than normal
- Let your dog spend more time outdoors. This will reduce the concentration of allergens indoors. In addition, your pet will be healthier.
No Dog in this list of Hypoallergenic dogs is 100% Non-allergenic
Dogs that don’t shed come in a variety of colors, sizes and temperament. While there is no breed in this list of hypoallergenic dogs that is 100% hypoallergenic, these non shedding dogs produce very little dander, saliva as well as the protein that causes the allergic reaction to canines.
In contrast, cats that don’t shed produce less of the Fel D 1 protein. But they share one big characteristic with non shedding dogs: they also don’t shed much.
There are many factors to consider when choosing which of the non-shedding dogs to keep. Most of the big hypoallergenic dogs need more living space than a small or medium sized hypoallergenic dog. Some breeds on this list of hypoallergenic dogs need more exercise. Other dog breeds, such as the Maltese and Shih Tzu, need constant companionship.